The Minor Prophets - Part 3

Hosea: The Prophet of the Broken Heart

The Command to the Prophet

He was one of the greatest lovers in the OT, for even his adulterous wife could not kill his love for her.

Ch 1 opens with a command for him to marry a known prostitute.
Hosea 1:1-2 1  The word of the LORD that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.
2  The beginning of the word of the LORD by Hosea. And the LORD said to Hosea, Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredoms and children of whoredoms: for the land hath committed great whoredom, departing from the LORD. 
God tells him that this would serve as a sign.  As Hosea will feel the heartbreak of being married to an unfaithful wife, so God feels toward his unfaithful bride, Isarel. In spite of their sins, God still loved them, a picture of His redeeming grace.
Romans 5:8  But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Hosea obeyed, and subjected himself to the shame and disgrace of her character.

The Children of the Prophet Three children were born. Their names are also symbolic.

The Nation Defeated: Jezreel

Hosea 1:4  And the LORD said unto him, Call his name God Sows or Scatters Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and will cause to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel. Hosea 1:5  And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.  Jehu, a king of Israel that destroyed Baal worship in Israel, but was overzealous in killing all the family of Ahab in the Valley of Jezreel. 2 Kings 10:11  So Jehu slew all that remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, and all his great men, and his kinsfolks, and his priests, until he left him none remaining.  God would avenge the deaths of innocent people at the hand of Jehu, and the kingdom would be scattered among the nations.

The Nation Deported: Lo-ruhamah

Hosea 1:6-7 6  And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And God said unto him, Call her name not pitited Loruhamah: for I will no more have mercy upon the house of Israel; but I will utterly take them away. 7  But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen. God would no longer pity Israel, but allow them to be taken by the Assyrians, while showing mercy to Judah. The army of Assyria that destroyed Israel also attacked Judah, but they did not conquer them.  Instead, God miraculously fought on behalf of Judah against Assyria when the angel of the LORD killed 185,000 soldiers in the camp of Assyria in one night.
God’s expression of love is unconditional, but the enjoyment is conditional upon obedience.
1 Peter 2:10  Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.
Hosea prophesied during the decline and ultimate destruction of the northern kingdom of Israel in the 8th century. This was when Rome was founded. After the death of Jereboam II, it was anarchy or misrule; kings made their way to the throne through the murder of their predecessors:  Shallum killed Zechariah; Menahem killed Shallum; Pekah killed the son of Menahem; Hoshea killed Pekah. But, after the death of Jereboam II, two of his successors were assassinated, and Assyria would invade and take them into captivity.

The Nation Disowned: Lo-Ammi

Hosea 1:8-9 8  Now when she had weaned Loruhamah, she conceived, and bare a son. 9  Then said God, Call his name not my people Loammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God. From his name, this son may not have been Hosea’s. In the same way that Hosea denied being Lo-ammi’s father, God announced His determination to deny having any relationship to apostate Israel. The nation so greatly loved by God had repaid Him with indifference and contempt. She had shown her scorn by embracing the vile religions of the surrounding nations and cleaving to pagan gods with a devotion she never gave to Him.

The Nation United

The coming Kingdom will usher in peace and unity. The two houses of Israel, though scattered and rejected, will be reunited under their Messiah. Instead of Jezreel being a place of slaughter, it will be where God’s people will be sowed and restored to their land. Zechariah 10:9  And I will sow them among the people: and they shall remember me in far countries; and they shall live with their children, and turn again.
Hosea 1:10-11 10  Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; as promised to Abraham…Genesis 22:17  

That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;
…and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Lo-Ammi Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are Ammi: My people  the sons of the living God.
11  Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.
Hosea 2:1  Say ye unto your brethren, My people Ammi; and to your sisters, My beloved Ruhamah.

Contributed by Pastor Travis Bridgeman

Hosea 2.jpg

While the three children teach of God’s graciousness, Gomer teaches of God’s holines.

Hosea 2:1-23 1  Say ye unto your brethren, Ammi; and to your sisters, Ruhamah.